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Updated | Daniel Holmes’s appeal rejected, prison term confirmed – maltatoday.com.mt

Marzena HolmesAn Appeals Court has confirmed a 10-year prison sentence for Briton Daniel Holmes, after the accused tried to get his punishment reduced in an appeal that raised the public’s awareness on the harshness of Malta’s drug laws.

Judges Joseph Zammit McKeon, Abigail Lofaro and David Scicluna, presided over the court of criminal appeal.

Daniel Alexander Holmes (pictured) was appealing a jail term of 10 year, six months and a €23,000 fine, after facing five charges of drug possession and trafficking, four of which carried a life sentence, related to the discovery of a cannabis plant in his Gozo home. Holmes admitted to all charges ahead of a trial by jury.

In its sentence, the court of criminal appeal said it would not disturb the first court’s judgement simply because of its severity.

“This was an appeal from punishment, which was well within the  parameters of the law, as the maximum was a life sentence,” Mr Justice David Scicluna said.

In court, where he was flanked by his wife Marzena, Holmes listened attentively to Scicluna delivering his decision. “The defence overlooked the fact that the crime was continuously spread over a period of five years. Albeit claiming to be a cannabis addict himself, the 32 plants and the set-up found at Holmes’s residence prove it was in fact a production line.”

During police searches no evidence of smoked cannabis was found, however the police found clearly marked packets containing cannabis, including a box with 600 grams of dried cannabis leaves. The only evidence of drug consumed inside the residence was a bottle of water containing traces of cocaine.

In his statement to the police, Holmes had claimed Barry Lee was an accomplice and that he had taken responsibility of what was found at his residence. Lee committed suicide in prison in 2008.

“The defence held that the appellant helped the police, however one cannot expect a reduction in punishment simply for not resisting arrest,” judge Scicluna held.

“Those concerned over the suffering their family goes through due to their conviction, should consider this before embarking on criminal activity. Having a family is not a reason to disturb a court’s decision,” the judge said.

In a comment posted in MaltaToday’s comment board, father Mel Holmes said he had never witnessed anything as inhumane in his life as before. “I have never heard anything so inhumane in my entire life. Are they blind to the evidence, or did our defence lawyer present such a bad case they they laughed it out of court?”

Holmes’s defence counsel had told the court how the Briton accused of the trafficking of drugs, ostensibly after a cannabis plant was found at his house, lived in an old, ugly and decrepit apartment, a far cry from the prosecution’s claim of living in luxury.

In his submissions, Kenneth Grima had said the convict was no drug baron, but someone who could not even afford a paltry €150 rent that was always paid by his parents, and who still owed his landlord €400 in water and electricity bills.

Court expert Godwin Sammut had found that the plants found had weighed in their totality, including the roots and stalks, 1,063g – but under oath he stated that this was the weight of the leaves alone, which would lead to a street value of €13,800.

Since Holmes’s conviction, the law had changed so that first-time offenders are not liable to criminal proceedings. But the judge had delivered a prison sentence that was 40% harsher over the eight years requested by the prosecution.

The case generated a public outcry over the harsheness of the sentence, led to a public petition. Holmes, who spent 14 months under preventive arrest, had managed to kick his habit, found a job as a chef, and was in a stable relationship with a Polish woman who had given him a daughter.

Dr Maxine Bonnet appeared for the Attorney General while lawyers Kenneth and Christina Grima appeared for Holmes.

Updated | Daniel Holmes’s appeal rejected, prison term confirmed – maltatoday.com.mt.


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80 Cannabis News Headlines and Links 10/29/2013

  1. Group wants medical marijuana to treat PTSD KTAR.com PHOENIX — A group of nurses is petitioning the Arizona Department of Health Services to add Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder to the list of conditions that can be 
  2. US firm wants to produce medical marijuana at Nanaimo’s Duke Point Victoria Times Colonist Medical marijuana facility would be operated by Lafitte Ventures. It’s a Canadian company set up by Privateer Holdings, a U.S. firm with a focus on making 
  3. After years of delays, Santa Cruz County board finally passes pot rules Santa Cruz Sentinel SANTA CRUZ — A divided Santa Cruz County Board of Supervisors on Tuesday approved a suite of new medical pot rules, adding the county’s name to a small 
  4. Toke Signals: Natural Green Medicine Seattle Weekly U District medicalmarijuana access point Natural Green Medicine is in the heart of a vibrant, friendly neighborhood, plus it’s close to the freeway, across the 
  5. Containing booze and marijuana bound to fail New Straits Times California was the first state in the United States to establish a medical marijuana programme allowing people with cancer, AIDS and other chronic illnesses the 
  6. Oregon’s Inevitable Pot Legalization in 2014 HIGH TIMES Recalling the evolution of medical marijuana shows California led the way, followed two years later by Alaska, Oregon, and Washington, followed by Maine a 
  7. NJ’s 2nd medical marijuana dispensary opens Belleville News Democrat EGG HARBOR TOWNSHIP, N.J. — New Jersey’s second medical marijuana dispensary is opening in the southern part of the state. With Monday’s launch 
  8. 2-year-old is 1st customer at South Jersey pot dispensary Cherry Hill Courier Post FILE – Marijuana is weighed and packaged for sale at the Northwest Patient Resource Center medical marijuana dispensary in Seattle. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren 
  9. City attorney settles with 2 medical marijuana dispensaries San Diego Source (subscription) Two Pacific Beach marijuana dispensaries have signed civil settlement agreements with the San Diego city attorney’s office, permanently restraining them from 
  10. Birmingham police find 490 pounds of marijuana in truck during Jon Reed | jreed@al.com The truck was stopped just before noon near the Airport Boulevard exit.
  11. The NEW Hollow Earth Insider » Cannabis Boom Rocky Mountain High – Colorado’s Cannabis Boom, USA (+) HIGH TIMES TV – Snack Time with The dark side to the silver bullet of Cannabis legalisation 
  12. Can a foreigner smoke Cannabis in Colorado? – Yahoo Answers NZ I know recreational marijuana has been legalized in Colorado state and Washington state. But i would like to know if a foreigner form a different country came to 
  13. Police investigating cannabis factory site | Western Daily Press Police in Keynsham are appealing for help after finding a sophisticated cannabis-growing factory had been set up in a disused unit on an industrial estate.
  14. Stocks, Contracts, and Lobbyists: Who Profits from the War on Private prison companies are threatened by the end of the War on Cannabis. In the past decade corrections corporations have spent over $45 million to lobby 
  15. Cannabis : Free Mp3 Downloads : FreeMp3U Cannabis free mp3 search & download, listen Cannabis music, Cannabis mp3, Cannabis songs, Cannabis play online, Cannabis free mp3 download, download 
  16. Napa drug agents seize 585 pounds of marijuana Napa Valley Register Following up on the discovery of a marijuana grow in Pope Valley in August, agents with the Napa Special Investigations Bureau raided a house in Santa Rosa 
  17. Ark. AG again rejects marijuana measure’s wording KTBS Arkansas voters last year narrowly rejected a ballot measure that would have legalized medical marijuana. Supporters are trying to get similar measures back on 
  18. Ethan Nadelmann: We Have Reached The Marijuana Policy Reform Huffington Post “And we’ve hit the tipping point because 58 percent of our fellow citizens say it’s time to legalize marijuana,” Nadelmann said to applause from the conference 
  19. Battle Creek Police arrest man suspected of selling marijuana BATTLE CREEK (WKZO) — Battle Creek Police received a tip about a man selling marijuana outside of an apartment complex on Riverside Drive. Officers found the man sitting in a …
  20. Oct 29 – Romania Legalizes Medical Marijuana – Boxden.Com Oct 29 – Romania Legalizes Medical Marijuana – Photo posted in BX Daily Bugle – news and headlines | Sign in and leave a comment below! style= 
  21. Florida AG Pam Bondi Seeks To Derail Medical Marijuana Ballot Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi took her party’s cold war mentality to the Florida Supreme Court this week. Bondi is challenging the People United for M.
  22. canadian medical marijuana growers – Medical Marijuana Business canadian medical marijuana growers – posted in Medical Marijuana Business and Industry News: Made this website for people within Canada to find growers 
  23. The American Civil Liberties Union – Other Medical Marijuana States The American Civil Liberties Union – posted in Other Medical Marijuana States (and Canada):: October 29, 2013 The American Civil Liberties Union and the ACLU of Arizona filed a lawsuit to protect 
  24. Birmingham police seize 490 pounds of marijuana in traffic stop Birmingham police confiscated nine duffel bags full of marijuana during a traffic stop Tuesday morning. Police seized 490 pounds of marijuana with a street 
  25. Can smoking marijuana drastically change a person’s personality I smoked last year and had a really bad experience. It was too intense. I’d go No. Don't smoke anymore, it will only make your anxiety worse. I'm 
  26. Ian Mulgrew: New medical marijuana rule about to face lawsuit Vancouver Sun Long-time Fraser Valley marijuana crusader John Conroy is finalizing a lawsuit accusing Ottawa of infringing on the rights of medical pot users and growers.
  27. Arizona Medical Marijuana Patient: 5 Year-old Zander Welton’s The family of Zander Welton, a five-year-old Arizona boy who was initially granted a medical marijuana card by the state of Arizona, which allowed for his 
  28. ACLU Seeks Ruling In Arizona To Protect Access To Medical The lawsuit names as defendants the state of Arizona, Gov. Janice Brewer, Maricopa County Attorney William Montgomery, the Arizona Department of Health 
  29. The Fabulous Resinaires to perform live on KMUD Redwood Times Celebrating cannabis culture is the theme of KMUD’s next Cannabis Consciousness, which airs on Sunday, Nov. 3 from 1:30 p.m. to 3 p.m. and will feature live 
  30. UK: Man allowed his home to be used as a cannabis factory UK: Man allowed his home to be used as a cannabis factory – posted in Cannabis News: A man who allowed his home to be used as a cannabis factory has 
  31. Officers Uncover Marijuana Growing Operation in Prince William Patch.com Prince William County police officers stumbled upon a marijuana growing operation in Nokesville Sunday after responding to reports of shots fired at a home in 
  32. Gallup poll shows public approval of marijuana rises | The Daily news The recent legalization of the recreational use of marijuana in Colorado and Washington as of last year might be a reason for the noticeable jump in support, 
  33. The Crimson White | Legalizing marijuana would be simple,helpful One of the biggest moral and political issues that face us is the challenge of our broken criminal justice system. It is a bloated, messy, unsophisticated.
  34. Deputies arrest 3 people after seizing marijuana sent in the mai Multiple arrests were made by the Ascension Parish Sheriff’s Office in a drug bust via the U.S. Postal Service of 20 pounds of marijuana that resulted from a 
  35. Judge Bredar: Public attitude to marijuana has changed – UPI.com BALTIMORE, Oct. 29 (UPI) — A federal judge in Maryland, saying public attitudes on marijuana have shifted, gave two traffickers sentences much shorter than 
  36. A Summit County voter guide to local and state marijuana tax Summit County voters are a week away from determining the fate of a slew of marijuana tax initiatives at both the state and local levels. Among those ballot.
  37. North Slope police intercept thousands of dollars worth of alcohol ANCHORAGE – North Slope Borough police said they’ve intercepted more than $33,000 worth of alcohol and marijuana bound for Alaskan villages over the past 
  38. South Jersey’s First Medical Marijuana Dispensary Open For News, Sports, Weather, Traffic and Philly’s Top Spots.
  39. Online Debate: Marijuana Legalization | Debate.org Explore the pros and cons of the debate Marijuana Legalization.
  40. Cg Question – Michigan Medical Marijuana Association Cg Question – posted in Legal Professionals:: Under MI law can there be more than one care giver per house hold.
  41. Welcome to MyPotLog Medical Cannabis Indoor Weed Grow Op Welcome to http://MyPotLog.com medical cannabis indoor weed growing journal. I share my experience of growing marijuana at home as I juice and consume 
  42. Gage Green Forums • View forum – Medicinal Cannabis Spread awareness and insight into the use of cannabis as medicine. What are the many different applications of cannabis? How do you use it to better your life?
  43. Medical Cannabis Forum – Profile of wrerype wrerype’s Forum Info. Joined: Today. Last Visit: Today 02:21 AM. Total Posts: 1 (1 posts per day | 0 percent of total posts) (Find All Threads — Find All Posts).
  44. Rep. Kowall introduces bill to give alternative medicine patients Eileen Kowall today introduced legislation to amend the definition of useable medical marijuana to help provide more ways for patients to use the prescribed 
  45. Ok sought for medical marijuana use of extracts – Arizona Daily Star A lawsuit filed on behalf of a 5-year-old Mesa boy asks a court to rule that the state’s medical marijuana law allows uses of marijuana extracts such as resins 
  46. Man swallowed 1kg of cannabis in failed smuggling bid Irish Times A 40-year-old man who swallowed more than 1kg of cannabis resin in a bid to smuggle it into Ireland has been jailed for a year by a judge who said there must 
  47. Dutch Study: Regular Consumption of Cannabis May Trigger Sci-News.com A new study conducted in the Netherlands has shown that heavy cannabis users, who had a history of cocaine use, have increased levels of impulsive behavior.
  48. real barked cannabis weed who knows that – Cannabis Culture #1781562 – 26 minutes 52 seconds ago real barked cannabis weed who knows that. dio sako Online content. Stranger Registered: 10/26/13. Posts: 2. barked 
  49. Gage Green Forums • View forum – Medicinal Cannabis Spread awareness and insight into the use of cannabis as medicine. What are the many different applications of cannabis? How do you use it to better your life?
  50. Is anyone talking about E cigs and cannabis oil? – Roll It Up I am so curious about this. I am going to make some oil tomorrow unless someone tells me that this is a bad idea or doesn’t work. Seems ideal 
  51. Opposition to Portland marijuana initiative is emerging Kennebec Journal Apparently, opposition is emerging to a citizen initiative that would remove all criminal and civil penalties for adults possession up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana in 
  52. Ton of weed: Record-setting marijuana bust cvbugle The traffic stop resulted in the largest seizure of marijuana in YCSO history. The deputy stopped the semi for an equipment violation involving the trailer’s splash 
  53. 3.5 pounds of marijuana found in Franklin home basement MyCentralJersey.com FRANKLIN (SOMERSET) — Two women have been charged in connection with a narcotics investigation that found 3.5 pounds of marijuana in the basement of 
  54. Decriminalizing Marijuana Gains Momentum | News One Kenon White Roland Martin talks with Allen St. Pierre from NormL, about the decriminalization of marijuana.
  55. Marijuana seized at home near Orange Cove where bandit killed .. A home east of Orange Cove where a suspected robber was fatally shot and a home owner wounded Sunday night was apparently being used as a marijuana 
  56. Hill: Marijuana legalization promotes equality – The Daily Toreador .. Though the liberal media supports the legalization of marijuana, they make it out to be some kind of joke. I heard one CNN reporter joking about how legalizing 
  57. Father, son living in Guilford accused of selling marijuana in Vermont BANGOR, Maine — A father and son who have been living in Guilford for the past year are facing drug charges in federal court in Vermont. Rodney Aldrich, 51 
  58. Woodland City Council delays decision on marijuana – The Reflector At an Oct. 7 meeting, Woodland City Council member Benjamin Fredricks said he wanted more public input on the controversial topic of allowing marijuana to be 
  59. Warren backs medical marijuana ‘with the right restrictions Massachusetts Senate candidate Elizabeth Warren (D) said Monday that she favors legalizing medical marijuana, provided the law has “the right restrictions” to 
  60. Marijuana Might Kill Cancer Newsweek Recent research gives new hope and meaning to the phrase “medical marijuana.” In a paper published in October’s Anticancer Research, Wai Liu, a senior 
  61. Florida Supreme Court Sets Medical Marijuana Hearing Date The Florida Supreme Court has set December 5 as the day it will hear arguments in state Attorney General Pam Bondi’s effort to quash a medical marijuana 
  62. Wisconsin medical marijuana bill introduced would legalize Eighteen Wisconsin lawmakers have signed on to a medical marijuana bill introduced yesterday, raising the hopes of medical marijuana activists in the Badger 
  63. Florida Mother Leads The Push For Medical Marijuana | Medical Jane Mother Hopes Cannabis Will Help Her Daughter’s Epilepsy Delani Bliss Martin turned 3 years old last month. At the age of 14 months, she suffered her first 
  64. Despite Long Battle, Two-Year-Old Gets Medical Marijuana In N.J. Vivian Wilson and her family made their first visit to a medical marijuana dispensary after months of fighting for greater access for children.
  65. ACLU Suing to Add Cannabis Extracts to MMJ Law – Arizona Public Welton’s is one of less than 50 children in Arizona to receive a medical marijuana card, and his parents said taking cannabis oil pills has made his seizures less 
  66. ACLU Files Suit To Allow Medical Cannabis Extracts KJZZ A civil liberties group wants to make sure cannabis extracts are a legal form of medical marijuana in Arizona. Monday, the ACLU filed suit against state officials 
  67. Women’s Role in Legalizing and Destigmatizing Weed Truthdig Women including pop singers, working professionals and stay-at-home moms have been publicly admitting to cannabis use for a number of health and 
  68. Medical cannabis | Facebook Medical cannabis. 1 likes · 0 talking about this. We provide affordable meds for cancer, pain, insomnia among other ailments that plague us daily. Worth noting 
  69. Cannabis Culture in Israel | Weedist Unlike the United States, which has an uncertain future regarding marijuana laws, Israel has a $40 million per year cannabis industry that is thriving.
  70. ACLU Suing to Add Cannabis Extracts to MMJ Law – Arizona Public The American Civil Liberties Union of Arizona filed a lawsuit today that seeks to add marijuana extracts to the list of acceptable forms of cannabis covered by the 
  71. Cannabis yay or nay – PeoplesRepublicOfCork.com Cannabis is a depressant drug. Depressant drugs do not necessarily make you feel depressed. Rather, they slow down your central nervous system and the 
  72. Prosecutor drops cases against medical marijuana shops Longview Daily News “Marijuana prosecutions (even dispensaries) became problematic given this The Longview Police Street Crimes Unit raided Opsal’s dispensary just more than 
  73. First medical marijuana dispensary opens in South Jersey Philadelphia Business Journal (blog) A medical marijuana dispensary has opened in Egg Harbor Township. It’s the first in South Jersey and the second in the state. Called the Compassionate Care 
  74. Berkeley orders 40 Acres to stop cannabis operations Berkeleyside “Currently all rooms used by Mr. Smith are fully devoted to the operation of 40 Acres dispensary,” Daniel wrote in the cease and desist letter. “The October 
  75. Cannabis Fights Cancer and US Support is Stronger Than Ever: The Leafly Medical cannabis sales in Washington D.C. are sluggish. The city’s dispensaries are reportedly losing money because doctors are afraid to write prescriptions 
  76. Marijuana group wants government to grow away Oshawa Express Health Canada’s new “Marihuana for Medical Purposes Regulations” are drawing nigh, but medical marijuana users and growers say they won’t be weeded out 
  77. Erik Sund, Long Beach Pot Lottery Fiasco Figure, Gets Promoted OC Weekly (blog) Anyone unlucky enough to have participated in Long Beach’s ill-fated medical marijuana lottery process is familiar with the name Erik Sund. As assistant director 
  78. Terpinoid Evaporation Rates/interactive Ailment Help – Marijuana Terpinoid Evaporation Rates/interactive Ailment Help – posted in Marijuana Edibles and Topicals:: A gift, for my brothers and sister in bud; dont be scared, its a 
  79. Prosecutor drops cases against medical marijuana shops Cowlitz County Prosecutor Sue Baur has dismissed all charges against five people involved with two Cowlitz County medical marijuana dispensaries nearly a 
  80. Campaign To Legalize Medical Pot In Minnesota Underway Buoyed by public opinion polls shifting in their favor, medical marijuana advocates are lobbying state lawmakers to legalize the use of pot next year for people 

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U.S. judge says government view on marijuana raises ‘equal justice’ concerns – baltimoresun.com

bs-md-marijuana-hearing-20131025A ruling handed down by a federal court this week strongly suggests that recent changes in state laws governing marijuana are now being reflected in how federal drug laws are enforced and will further change the conversation about marijuana use in America.

U.S. District Judge James K. Bredar acknowledged that new reality when he sentenced Scott Russell Segal this week to nearly five years in prison for his role in smuggling hundreds of kilograms of marijuana to Howard and Anne Arundel counties from California and New Jersey. Under federal sentencing guidelines Mr. Segal could have received eight to 11 years behind bars.

But the judge used his discretion to cut that penalty nearly in half, saying the federal government’s response to the legalization of marijuana in some states had raised concerns of “equal justice” if federal law mandated significantly harsher punishments than state laws for the same crime. In doing so he clearly had in mind the Justice Department’s recent announcement that it would not seek to block state laws legalizing marijuana for medical or recreational use.

Thus while he acknowledged the gravity of Mr. Segal’s crimes, Judge Bredar also noted that “it’s indisputable that the offense is not regarded with the seriousness it was 20 or 30 years ago” when the guidelines were written. Since that time 18 states, including Maryland, and the District of Columbia have passed laws decriminalizing the possession of small amounts of marijuana for medical purposes. Two more states, Colorado and Washington, recently legalized the drug for recreational use as well.

Taken together, these developments have made it clear that marijuana policy in this country increasingly is being driven by state legislatures rather than by lawmakers in Washington. Judge Bredar’s ruling is just the latest evidence of that momentous shift, which is sure to have important legal, social and public health and safety consequences for the country, not all of them predictable.

Meanwhile, the federal government obviously will have a continuing interest in how the policy debate unfolds. Even states that legalize marijuana sales can be expected to limit minors’ access to the drug, for example, similar to the restrictions that presently apply to alcohol and tobacco. Today’s pot is a lot stronger than the weed smoked by the flower children of the 1960s, and relatively little is known about it’s long-term effects. At the same time, federal officials are the only ones who can promulgate uniform national standards to protect consumers against tainted or counterfeit products, as well as rules against false or misleading advertising by marijuana growers and processors.

Moreover, the federal government will continue to bear responsibility for seeing to it that any relaxation of state marijuana laws doesn’t open the door for criminal gangs to profit from smuggled contraband. The increased revenue state lawmakers anticipate from taxing marijuana in states where the drug is legal would quickly evaporate if a flourishing black market were allowed to continue.

Judge Bredar briefly wondered aloud whether underground sales of marijuana were comparable to the black market in untaxed cigarettes in terms of the seriousness of the threat posed to society. But the truth is that, unlike black market cigarettes, the gangs that deal in illegal marijuana have gotten a lot more violent in recent decades, a function of the widespread continuing limited supply and high demand for pot as well as of the easy availability of guns. That’s a direct consequence of the drug’s prohibition, just as the gang wars of the 1920s and ’30s were a result of attempts to ban legal sales of alcohol. Part of the wisdom of Judge Bredar’s ruling lies in the recognition that we don’t want to repeat the same mistake again.

Overall, the court’s decision was a reasoned attempt to take into account all these factors in order to balance the strict requirements of the law against changing public perceptions of marijuana’s impact on public health and safety. Ultimately some new consensus about the benefits and dangers of legal marijuana will emerge and be codified in a coherent body of law. But we are not there yet, and until that happens cases like this will provide the forums through which our national conversation on the subject is conducted.

U.S. judge says government view on marijuana raises ‘equal justice’ concerns – baltimoresun.com.


Enhancing the Activity of Cannabidiol and Other Cannabinoids In Vitro Through Modifications to Drug Combinations and Treatment Schedules

Author Affiliations

Department of Oncology, Division of Clinical Sciences, St. George’s, University of London, London, U.K.

  1. Correspondence to: Wai Liu, Ph.D., Dept of Oncology, Division of Clinical Sciences, St. George’s, University of London, 2nd Floor, Jenner Wing, London, SW17 0RE, U.K. Tel: +44 02087255037, e-mail: w.liu@sgul.ac.uk

Abstract

Cannabinoids are the bioactive components of the Cannabis plant that display a diverse range of therapeutic qualities. We explored the activity of six cannabinoids, used both alone and in combination in leukaemic cells. Cannabinoids were cytostatic and caused a simultaneous arrest at all phases of the cell cycle. Re-culturing pre-treated cells in drug-free medium resulted in dramatic reductions in cell viability. Furthermore, combining cannabinoids was not antagonistic. We suggest that the activities of some cannabinoids are influenced by treatment schedules; therefore, it is important to carefully select the most appropriate strategy in order to maximise their efficacy.

Enhancing the Activity of Cannabidiol and Other Cannabinoids In Vitro Through Modifications to Drug Combinations and Treatment Schedules.


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